We are often asked what the power consumption of our Chip on Board LEDs is. This post will cover an explanation of how one can determine how many watts these lights consume on average. Also, for reference, I will talk about comparing to the older technology (incandescent) as it may be useful information.
See also for more context on calculating wattage
COB lights list more parameters in their datasheets than the older technology used to list on the product box. In the older fluorescent fixtures and incandescent models, most were rated with voltage, current, and power consumption (wattage). These fixtures didn’t have many active components to start with (if any) and the technology didn’t need complex terminology. When LEDs were developed, an equivalent rating had to be developed for analogy because the devices draw way less than the older technology. When I used to work in a department store, there were ratings typically saying that around an 8.5W LED is nearly equivalent to a 60W incandescent bulb in most cases after comparing brightness/luminosity. So in that case, a 60W COB is like a 424W incandescent bulb when comparing how much power is consumed! Many stores will have this type of comparison for analogy, but does not always hold constant. It is always recommended to read all the data available for the chips because wattage does not equal brightness.
To find the average power consumption that the chip will use. It is up to the individual to choose a driving current for the application. Typically, manufacturers include both a testing current and maximum current to help provide guidelines. It is never recommended to run any device at or very near maximum current because this will reduce the life of the LED significantly. Read the data sheet for the specific part to see why the manufacturer included a testing current, this may be the nominal current to choose for maximum efficiency.
In reality, the power drawn by the component will not be constant because there are more factors like heat dissipation, operating temperature, operating conditions, and even design of the surrounding circuitry can change the power values. These calculations are for a reference as the driving current will heavily impact the amount of power drawn.
To do a rough comparison to an incandescent bulb for reference:
The PLed can be calculated from PTest, PMax, or using your own driving current to find power. The only unknown variable is PInc which is what would be solved for. This will not be an exact estimate as more factors go into equivalencies, but should give a rough idea compared to incandescent.
Otherwise, compare ratings and values found in the data sheets to other similar product’s data sheet values.